The banana is the friut of a plant in the Musaceae family, with long pseudostems (up to 6-7 m) and large, broad leaves (up to 3 m long), which often appear fringed, as they are easily torn by the wind.
The fruits develop from a banana heart in a hanging cluster known as a bunch or stem, containing up to 20 bananas in each tier. A banana stem can weight between 30 and 40 kg.
The banana originated in Africa and was imported by Spanish colonists to Latin America, where it adapted well to the climate.
The banana is a highly nutritious fruit containing carbohydrates, fats, minerals and a large amount of fibre. It is considered the quintessential potassium-rich fruit, although in reality it contains far less than a simple boiled potato.