The strawberry is a herbaceous plant in the Rosaceae family with thin runners, compound leaves and round or elongated false fruit with tiny hairs and juicy flesh. A native species in Italy and many other countries, strawberries have been gathered and eaten since antiquity.
Cultivated species are none other than varieties selectively bred from wild strawberries; the best known are the native Rosella, the German Regina, the Dutch Gorella (heart-shaped), the American Belrubi (elongated) and Pocahontas (round).
In ancient times it was customary to harvest and consume not only the fruit, but also the stolon (i.e. the runner).
The strawberry is a false fruit: the true fruit is not the juicy flesh, but the hard seeds on its surface (the achenes).